Use a K-W-L Chart with Informational Texts
The purpose of the K-W-L chart or teaching strategy is to help students become good readers by learning to do the things that good readers do. Specifically, it helps students learn to activate their background knowledge and to set purposes for reading.
KWL stands for: What I Know, What I Want to Learn, and reviewing What I Have Learned.
The following chart shows the steps in each part of the procedure: