Steve, what did you discover about the methods used by homeschool parents when they taught their ADHD children?
Dr. Steven Duvall:
Well, Mike, because the homeschool parents were not certified teachers, we wanted to find the differences and similarities in the way they taught students with ADHD compared to public school teachers who taught this same type of student. And the most notable differences involved teacher focus and teacher position. For example, the homeschool teachers were able to focus a lot more attention on the target students than were the public school teachers. The homeschool teachers also spent a lot more time located right beside the target students—and this enabled them to monitor the students’ work more closely, give more corrective feedback, and ensure the students’ inappropriate behaviors were kept under control.
Steve, were there similarities, though?
Well, Mike, we monitored over a dozen teaching behaviors, such as the asking of academic questions, giving approval for correct responses, disapproval for inappropriate behavior—nonverbal prompts, for example—and even though these parents lacked teacher training, the parents and the public school teachers engaged in these teaching behaviors at very similar rates.
Well, that’s very encouraging, Steve. And until next time, I’m Mike Smith.