Current Issue | Archives | Advertising | About | Search
No. 1

In This Issue


Getting There
Homeschooling thru High School
Previous Page Next Page
by Inge Cannon
- disclaimer -
Why your student needs a transcript and diploma

There is no question that home education is growing in popularity across the United States. Current estimates place the number of homeschooling families somewhere around 500,000, meaning that parents are homeschooling at least two million children. Surveys indicate that up to 30% of those students are teens.

As the high school "enrollment" in home education has grown, so have the questions: e.g., Where does one get a high school diploma? Can parents graduate their own children? How do colleges respond to homeschool records? If a high school diploma does not come from an accredited school, does that hurt the future education and job prospects for the graduate?

Surprisingly, the answers to these questions are not only positive, they are also much easier to implement than most parents suspect.

The source of a homeschool high school diploma: The teaching parent(s)
No matter where you attend school, your diploma is granted by the people who supervised your educational program. Therefore, unless a student is enrolled in a correspondence school, the homeschooling parent would have to accept the responsibility for issuing a diploma and ultimately certifying the student's status as a graduate. (Obviously, a correspondence program takes full responsibility for directing your curriculum, evaluating work that is done, providing records, and thus issuing the diploma. Examples include Christian Liberty Academy, The Academy of Home Education at Bob Jones University, The American School, etc.)

The following simple steps will position home-educating parents to grant diplomas to their graduating high school students.

  • Fewer than a half-dozen states specify any restrictions within their education regulations on who may grant a diploma. Check with Home School Legal Defense Association ( or 540-338-5600) to learn if your state is one with restrictions.
  • If you know that your graduate is college-bound, check with the admissions office(s) of the school(s) of your choice to identify their requirements or guidelines. (Note that these requirements don't have to be included in your program in order to issue a diploma.)
  • Summarize your record keeping with a carefully prepared transcript. Prepare a written diploma. HSLDA offers a beautiful form in a leatherette case with an attractive gold seal at a very economical price-all you have to add is the calligraphy! Order at Another option is the personalized attention available at
  • Plan a special event to honor this milestone in your child's life.

But will that diploma be recognized everywhere you go? It may shock you to learn that there are no legal requirements for any school to recognize another school's credits or program. Throughout the nation, accrediting associations have been formed to pave the way for reciprocity between member schools, and most states have some means of listing the "bona fide" schools recognized by their administrative offices. However, these identifications do not guarantee that all work a student has done in one institution will be fully accepted by another.

In other words, any student who knocks on a college admissions door can be asked to provide documentation of the scope of academic requirements, pass placement tests (particularly in subjects like English, math, or foreign language), and even submit results of a GED to guarantee equivalency if their school is not a "recognized" one. One extremely encouraging fact to remember is that 15 hours of college credit usually validates any high school diploma. With distance education opportunities flourishing, the challenge of earning these credits is becoming more achievable all the time.

Thorough documentation: Making the diploma meaningful
When you prepare your annual tax return for the federal government, you summarize all pertinent financial information on the appropriate form(s). You are not asked to send cancelled checks, interest statements, and detailed backup documentation. But this information has to be available should you experience an audit of your return.

In a sense, a student's high school transcript is like that tax return. It summarizes and reports in a concise way the total educational profile of the student's experience. Behind that transcript should stand a portfolio of work samples, bibliography of resources used, detailed test information, anecdotal records, recommendations from employers and directors of extracurricular activities, etc. This further documentation would then be available for any interview where it might become necessary.

College-bound or not: Every student needs a transcript and diploma!
Many parents have the impression that transcripts are useful only if a student desires college enrollment. While that certainly is the primary function of the high school credential, there are other benefits tied to the important responsibility of documenting high school achievement. Here are just a few of them:

  • Good driver discounts on insurance. If you will keep up with your record keeping responsibilities so that your transcript is always current, you will be able to use it as a conventional high school student would use his/her report card. Most insurance companies grant a discount to young drivers who maintain a B average.

  • Employer screening and security clearance. In the absence of significant work experience in the marketplace, many employers request high school (and later college) transcripts to document skills and background that will be valuable in their workplace. Don't make the mistake of thinking that this need will disappear when your student finishes a college degree. Since the tragic events of September 11, 2001, it is not unusual for an employer to require the high school transcript as a form of security clearance-proof that you are the person you claim to be. We met a gentleman in Ohio recently who had earned a PhD in Physics and was starting a new position the following week. He told us that he could not begin that job until he submitted his high school records.

  • Elimination of the requirement to take a GED. The letters GED are the acronym for General Educational Development Test. This assessment is a special tool originally designed to allow soldiers who had not finished high school to qualify for college tuition assistance under the GI Bill. Since the inception of the GED assessment program, many young adults have taken advantage of the opportunity to "prove" their achievement of equivalent high school mastery after dropping out of their school responsibilities as teens. Other young people take the GED in order to eliminate their attendance requirements-in fact, some home educators have used this tool to avoid the high school record keeping responsibilities that are attached to the compulsory attendance laws in every state.

    I am not enthusiastic about the GED option for a home-educated student to document his/her graduation. This test is actually a measurement tool to assess mastery of the equivalent of high school training in "the school of hard knocks"-by way of "street smarts," rather than by documentation of disciplined academic pursuits. The bottom line is that a diploma earned by way of the GED tends to carry the stigma of the "high school dropout." I believe that the tutorial advantage of home education does so much more for a student that it is sad to see parents sell their young people short by granting a GED equivalency diploma.
    There are unfortunately some situations where a college may require a homeschool graduate to verify his credential by taking a GED. If you find yourself in such a position, then use the test to satisfy that admission requirement-but don't grant your high school diploma based upon this test score. It is much to your children's long-term advantage to earn a diploma based upon a well-written high school transcript!
About this article

Education PLUS, A Division of The Cannon Group, Inc., 2004. Printed with permission.

About the author

Inge Cannon is the executive director of Education PLUS, a publishing and teaching ministry dedicated to helping home- educating parents maximize the benefits of a tutorial lifestyle in their families. Her newest publication is Transcript Boot Camp on DVD, a special seminar for parents of junior/senior high school students, designed to help them produce credible transcripts (particularly useful in support group training sessions). The Cannons have also produced TranscriptPro, a very user-friendly software program that gives every transcript a professional edge. Details about these excellent, convenient, and practical resources are available at or